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What exactly “full” is in full-stack development?


In this modern world of technology, people are so familiar with the terms “front-end development”, “back-end development”, especially “full-stack development”. The term “full-stack” is referred to engineers who can do all the tasks related to databases, servers, systems engineering and clients. Simply put, full-stack developers can do both front-end developers’ creative tasks and back-end developers’ logical tasks. They can be mobile full-stack developers, web full-stack developers or native application full-stack developers. In this blog, I will help you gain deeper understandings about the term “full-stack development” in the area of web development.

What mean " full" in full-stack development

The FULL-stack web developer = Mr Do-it-ALL

A full-stack developer should get familiar with every single step of the web development process. He should have a general knowledge of servers, database, user interface (UI), API, security, etc. Those are some of the tasks a full-stack developer undertakes:

  • Servers and hosting.
  • Database.
  • API/Back-end code.
  • Front-end code: HTML5, CSS3, Javascript and frameworks such as Bootstraps, Jquery, AngualarJS,
  • UI/UX design.
  • Client work.

Key full-stack development skills

Full-stack developers are those who have not only logical thinking skills but artistic ability as well. That means a true full-stack developer needs a lot of skills to do all the tasks involved in developing applications.

Programming languages

programming language for being full stack development
You do not need to know all the programming languages.

Because full-stack development contains both the front-end and back-end developer’s tasks, you need to know multiple programming languages, such as Java, JavaScript, Swift, C/C++, Python, PHP, Ruby, C#, etc. Those common programming languages play an important role in your programme writing process. It doesn’t mean that you have to master all the languages I’ve mentioned above. Quality matters more than quantity. You should master their grammar and the basics of how to structure, design, implement and test a programme based on the languages.


The popular development languages are generally accompanied by a good development framework, such as JAVA Spring, MyBatis, Hibernate, Python Django, PHP, Node.Js and so on.

Other skills full-stack developers need to have been using development frameworks and third-party libraries. Programming languages are accompanied by a development framework. For example, AngularJS and EmberJS are JavaScript frameworks which can solve different front-end problems. Other frameworks, Rails (for Ruby), CakePHP or Laravel (for PHP) are the ones for back-end developers. Full-stack developers need to know those frameworks because they make all stuff easier by a set of conventions developed to take part in processes related to creating a website – from how to display, store to access information in the database.

Basic knowledge of design

You don’t need to have expertise in web design. However, the design skill is so important, I think. You are definitely not a UI/UX designer and you can’t compete with those who are specialised in that specific area. What you should have is the basic knowledge of UI/UX design, colour and prototype.

Essential self-requirements

Besides those important qualities, those are some characteristics that you need to have if you want to become a good full-stack developer:

  • Analytical mindset
  • Technical mindset
  • Good communication skills
  • Curiosity & inquisitiveness
  • Time management skills
  • Creativity

Hope this blog will help you gain more understandings about the term “full-stack development” and let you know what to do to become a good full-stack developer. Please do not hesitate to leave a comment below if you want to share your opinions.